The variants of Croses

Not to be forgotten variants
Emilien Croses was a believer in the Flying Flea, but he choose to do it his own way. His work is mostly recognised by wings that are more slender than the ones of Mignet. And his models were mostly two-seaters.
Croses made Flying Fleas in both extremes. One model, the Pouplume, flew with 8 HP! They also made a cargo-airplane which would be used to drop para-gliders.


At first he altered designs of Henri Mignet. But he wanted to go his own way.
It al started with a very light model. The Pouplume. Plume is French for feather. It flew with 8 HP!
I saw this white-green airplane in a meeting at Montpezat. I loved the sleek lines of this beauty. It must have had a small engine too because it was the most silent ariplane on that airshow. 
You can see here that the pushrods to control the living wing are not installed like they are in the Mignet designs. The levers are located inside the fuselage.


This two-seater might look a bit strange due to its huge ruddder section. But it made very much people happy to own it. Being a two-seater it made it also possible to share the feeling of flying a Flying Flea.
This model is sometimes also named EC6. But the original plans label it as LC6. The L stands for Mister Laubie, the brother in law of Emilien Croses who helped with financing the prototype.
Am i right when i think i see no folding wings in the EC06?
In the picture above and below you can see the central placed pushrod to control the living wing. A very elegant system. Emilien Croses also choose to use thick wing supports instead of a multitude of tubes.
Above and below is the famous Croses LC06 , F-PYFT, of Jacqueline Clerc, a disabled pilot who flew her "Carre d'As" (translated: four aces) from Paris to Dakar. I met her during a meeting in Saint-Andre de l'Eure. She will probably not remember, but i still do. Impressive lady. Even at her older age when i met her. The airplane was constructed by her father.
 I still have her book about her adventure towards Dakar.
Below is not a Croses but a Landray construction. It shows how those thick wing support can be made. The Criquet Leger (leger is french for light) no longer has these wooden supports. So i guess they were a bit heavy.


This three-seater uses a double pair of wheels to be able to use rougher fields as landingstrips.



So you think that Flying Fleas can only be small airplanes. Well ... this Para-Cargo proofs you wrong. Sadly it never got certified because of its lack to get out of a spin. Reason for that is ... you cannot get it into a spin.
Look at number 4 in this video.


The airplume is a two-seater. Pilots are seated in tandem. The pilot was sitting in the rear seat. The passenger in the front seat.
First there was a wooden prototype. But it was the composite fuselage which became popular. 
I heard that the composite fuselage needed later added reinforcements due to the high torsion forces. Don't underestimate those forces. They are much larger than with conventional airplanes.
If you are not a sunny day flier, you could of course add a closed canopy. 
Anyway ... in my point of view , the Airplume is one of the most elegant designs of Croses.


Leger is French for Light (not heavy). I see already that the bulky front wing supports are replaced by tubes. The rear wing has now supports. I guess the spar will be made lighter.
The Criquet Leger clearly has folding wings. I heard that hinges were not standard in Croses plans. Not sure yet if they are the same as the HM1000 Balerit hinges.


Leger Plastiqye means Light and in composites.
Yes, it looks like a totally modern airplane. Here it has a trigear. Rudder is less "oversized".
Here it has a classic landing gear with the classic Croses rudder.